“收购”变“出售”,翻译错 误让万达酒店紧急停牌!

发布时间:2018-01-26       浏览次数:1551       文章来源:博雅翻译(成都)

万达酒 店发展发布短暂停牌澄清公告称,自2018年1月19日上午 九时正起短暂停止买卖,以待本 公司刊发有关可能非常重大出售的公告。

公告称,1月19日该公 司曾发布短暂停牌公告,但中文译本存在错误,其中“非常重大收购”的提述,应为“非常重大出售”。该公告 的英文版方为正确,并维持不变。

还好万 达酒店发现及时,紧急停牌,尚未造 成更加严重的后果。

历史上,因翻译 错误而影响世界的大事件还不在少数,小编也整理几个,包括:因翻译 不准导致苏联与西方的关系曾一度降到冰点;因翻译 错误导致美国某总统当众表达性欲......,让大家 了解翻译的重要性,千万别得罪翻译员哦~~


“我很高 兴捏到了波兰的私处”

Jimmy Carter knew how to get an audience to pay attention. In a speech given during the US President's 1977 visit to Poland, he appeared to express sexual desire for the then-Communist country. Or that's what his translator said, anyway. It turned out Carter had said he wanted to learn about the Polish people's 'desires for the future'.

美国前总统吉米·卡特知 道如何吸引观众的注意。在他1977年访问 波兰发表演说时,他似乎 对当时还是共产主义国家的波兰表现出性欲——或者他 是被翻译给坑了。后来才发现,卡特原 来说的是希望了解波兰人民“对未来的渴望”。

Earning a place in history, his translator also turned 'I left the United States this morning' into 'I left the United States, never to return'; according to Time magazine, even the innocent statement that Carter was happy to be in Poland became the claim that 'he was happy to grasp at Poland's private parts'.

根据《时代》杂志记载,翻译史蒂文·西摩也是“蛮拼的”,想必可以青史留名了。他把“我今早离开美国”翻译为“我离开美国,再也不回去了”;还把卡 特一句原本人畜无害的“我很高兴来到波兰”翻译成“我很高 兴捏到了波兰的私处”。

Unsurprisingly, the President used a different translator when he gave a toast at a state banquet later in the same trip – but his woes didn't end there. After delivering his first line, Carter paused, to be met with silence. After another line, he was again followed by silence. The new translator, who couldn't understand the President's English, had decided his best policy was to keep quiet. By the time Carter's trip ended, he had become the punchline for many a Polish joke.

果不其然,卡特在 国宴上发表祝酒辞时换下了这名“翻译达人”,但美国总统的“杯具”还没有结束。在讲完 第一句祝酒辞后,卡特停顿了一下,翻译一片沉默;卡特又讲了一句,迎接他的还是沉默。原来新 翻译听不懂总统先生的英语,于是愉快地决定,与其多说多错,不如保持沉默。到卡特 结束他的波兰之行时,他已经 成为了许多波兰人的笑柄。


翻译失 误曾让冷战升级

In 1956, Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev was translated as saying “We will bury you” to Western ambassadors at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow. The phrase was plastered across magazine covers and newspaper headlines, further cooling relations between the Soviet Union and the West.

1956年,苏联总 理赫鲁晓夫在莫斯科的波兰大使馆里接见西方诸国大使。赫鲁晓夫语出惊人“我们要埋葬你们”。这句话 很快便登上了各大报刊杂志的头版头条,使苏联 与西方的关系进一步降到了冰点。

Yet when set in context, Khruschev's words were closer to meaning 'Whether you like it or not, history is on our side. We will dig you in'. He was stating that Communism would outlast capitalism, which would destroy itself from within, referring to a passage in Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto that argued 'What the bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all, are its own grave-diggers.' While not the most calming phrase he could have uttered, it was not the sabre-rattling threat that inflamed anti-Communists and raised the spectre of a nuclear attack in the minds of Americans.

然而根据上下文来看,赫鲁晓 夫原话的意思应该是“不管你们喜不喜欢,历史都在我们这一边。我们会为你们掘土。”他实际 上指的是马克思在《共产党宣言》里写的一段话“资产阶 级生产的首先是自身的掘墓人”,意思是 资本主义将从内部自我毁灭,共产主 义最终将战胜资本主义。虽然这 句话也不那么让人安心,但毕竟 还算不上什么刀光剑影的恫吓,也不至 于激怒反共势力,让如临 大敌的美国人以为受到了核威胁。

Khruschev himself clarified his statement – although not for several years. 'I once said 'We will bury you', and I got into trouble with it,' he said during a 1963 speech in Yugoslavia. 'Of course we will not bury you with a shovel. Your own working class will bury you.'

1963年,赫鲁晓 夫本人在南斯拉夫的一次演讲上澄清了这段话。“我曾因为一句‘我们要埋葬你们’,而引来许多麻烦。我们当 然不会用铁铲埋葬你们。你们国 内的工人阶级将埋葬你们。”


外交辞令惹麻烦

Mistranslations during negotiations have often proven contentious. Confusion over the French word 'demander', meaning 'to ask', inflamed talks between Paris and Washington in 1830. After a secretary translated a message sent to the White House that began 'le gouvernement fran?ais demande' as 'the French government demands', the US President took issue with what he perceived as a set of demands. Once the error was corrected, negotiations continued.

谈判中 的误译往往会引发争执。1830年,在法国 与美国的谈判中,因为一 名秘书把法语的“请求”一词(demander)错误地翻译为“要求”,使这场 谈判变得火药味十足。翻译将 法国呈递给白宫的公函一开头的“法国政府请求”错误翻译为“法国政府要求”,导致美 国总统杰克逊提出反对意见。直到这 个错误得到纠正,那场谈判才继续下去。

Some authorities have been accused of exploiting differences in language for their own ends. The Treaty of Waitangi, a written agreement between the British Crown and the Māori people in New Zealand, was signed by 500 tribal chiefs in 1840. Yet conflicting emphases in the English and Māori versions have led to disputes, with a poster claiming 'The Treaty is a fraud' featuring in the Māori protest movement.

有人指出,有些当 权者利用不同语言间的差异实现不可告人的目的。1840年英国 王室和新西兰毛利人达成的书面协议《怀唐伊条约》便是一例。在这份英国与500名毛利 部落首领签订的协议中,英文版 和毛利文版各执一词互相矛盾。这导致 毛利人在抗议运动中打出标语,宣称“这份条约是个骗局”。


“长远的历史眼光”

More of a misunderstanding than a mistranslation, one often-repeated phrase might have been reinforced by racial stereotypes. During Richard Nixon's visit to China in 1972, Chinese premier Zhou Enlai famously said it was 'too early to tell' when evaluating the effects of the French Revolution. He was praised for his sage words, seen as reflecting Chinese philosophy; yet he was actually referring to the May 1968 events in France.

这个翻 译错误其实是一场误会。1972年美国 总统尼克松访华时,周恩来总理说,现在评 价法国大革命还“为时过早”。这句充 满中国哲学的名言使周恩来成为了外国人心目中智慧的贤者;然而周 总理其实指的是法国1968年5月发生 的学生骚乱事件。

According to retired US diplomat Charles W Freeman Jr – Nixon's interpreter during the historic trip – the misconstrued comment was 'one of those convenient misunderstandings that never gets corrected.' Freeman said: 'I cannot explain the confusion about Zhou's comment except in terms of the extent to which it conveniently bolstered a stereotype (as usual with all stereotypes, partly perceptive) about Chinese statesmen as far-sighted individuals who think in longer terms than their Western counterparts.

当年尼 克松对中国进行历史性访问时,担任他 翻译的是美国外交官小查尔斯·弗里曼。他认为 这场误解更多来源于西方对中国人的刻板印象,“(西方)不假思 索地曲解了原话的意思,再也不会改正。除了对 中国领导人比西方领导人更加高瞻远瞩、看事物 更加长远的刻板印象,我找不 到更令人信服的理由。”

'It was what people wanted to hear and believe, so it took hold.'

“人们愿 意听到和相信这样的话,所以它 深植于世人心中。



(材料来源|BBC )